India has several ‘national awards’ in various categories. Here, we discuss all the national awards of India in different categories such as civil awards, gallantry awards, sports awards, film awards and literature awards.
The Bharat Ratna is India’s highest civil award which was first awarded in 1954.
Click here to check the facts about the Bharat Ratna and the list of the winners of the Bharat Ratna to date.
The Padma Awards are ranked after the Bharat Ratna and are awarded for distinguished and exceptional service in any field.
These have three categories
- Padma vibhushan
- Padma bhushan
- Padma shri
Click here to see how the three Padma Awards differ.
Gallantry awards are given for conspicuous acts of bravery or valor or self-sacrifice in the presence of energy.
There are six categories of Gallantry Awards
- Stop coming chakra
- Maha Vir Chakra
- come chakra
- Ashok Chakra
- Kirti Chakra
- Shaurya Chakra
Click here for the facts about the 6 Gallant Awards from India.
National Sports Awards
The National Sports Awards of India comprise six different awards given to sportsmen of India by the central government.
- Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna
- Arjuna Award
- Dronacharya Award
- Dhyan Chand Grand Prize
- Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy
- Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puruskar
Click here for more information on the six national sports awards of India.
Indian Film Awards
Dadasaheb Phalke Award
- This is the only national award given in the field of cinema in India.
- Dadasaheb Phalke is known as the father of Indian cinema and hence the highest national film award received his name in 1969.
- This award is given to a film personality for his outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian cinema.
- It consists of a swarna kamal, a cash prize of Rs. 10 lakh and a shawl.
- Devika Rani Roerich was the first person to receive the Dadasaheb Phalke award in 1969.
Click here to learn about 7 famous icons that have won the Dadasaheb Phalke award.
Indian Literary Awards
Bharatiya Jnanpith Award
- Instituted on May 22, 1961, this award is given to the best literary writing by an Indian citizen in a language included in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India.
- It carries a cash prize of Rs 11 lakh, a commendation and a bronze replica of Vagdevi (Saraswati).
Sahitya Akademi Award
- This award is given for outstanding literary work and has a cash prize of Rs 1 lakh.
- Sahitya Academi awards 22 awards each year for literary works in the languages it has recognized works.
Other national awards
Gandhi Peace Prize
- It was established on October 2, 1994, on the occasion of the 125th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday.
- This annual award was instituted to foster and promote the importance of Gandhian values in the world.
- It carries a cash prize of Rs 1 crore.
Click here to check out more about the Gandhi Peace Prize.
Click here for the list of Gandhi Peace Prize winners from 1995 to 2014.
Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development
- This prestigious award was instituted in 1985 and has become a “Nobel” over the years.
- It is awarded to those who have done outstanding work for international peace, disarmament and development.
Click here to check out more information about the Indira Gandhi Peace Prize and see the list of previous winners.
- This award was instituted in 1973 to honor outstanding agricultural scientists.
- It carries a cash prize of Rs 5 lakh.